Scientists said that a U.S. spacecraft which will be launch in next year to make the outstanding plunge into the sun’s atmosphere to know how a star works as well as what can be done to predict space weather on Earth. The probe will have to survive from the highest temperature impact by powerful radiation as it circles as close as 4 million miles to the sun. 89 million miles away information sent back to Earth will help scientists to recognize why the sun’s atmosphere, or corona, is hotter than its surface. The data is likely to help engineers design better instruments and techniques for guessing solar storms and other events that can cripple satellites. Project scientist Nicola Fox said, “We’re going to be seven times closer to the sun than any other mission has ever been”.
The mission was agreed in 2014, earlier known as the Solar Probe Plus. The rocket was retitled to honor University of Chicago physicist Eugene Parker. In 1958, Mr. Parker correctly predicted the existence of the solar wind. Executive vice president for research, innovation and national laboratories at the University of Chicago, Mr. Eric Isaacs said, “It was a fundamental insight that forever changed the way in which we understood the sun, the heliosphere and in general interplanetary space”. The spacecraft will be launch in July 2018, designed by the Johns Hopkins University laboratory. National Aeronautics and Space Administration is paying about $1.5 billion to build and launch the spacecraft. The probe will be set with the five science device to measure and the sun’s corona, the probe is expected to orbit the sun 24 times, closer on each path. “We want to measure the environment there and find what the heating processes really are that make the corona hot and accelerate the solar wind”, said by NASA chief scientist, Thomas Zurbuchen.